Your life and eyes 3 min read

Top 3 ways to prevent future eye health problems

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Looking after your eyes when you are younger is just as important as the rest of your health and wellbeing. By taking good care of your eyes and vision, you can help reduce the risks of developing problems with your eyesight. This can be incredibly important; as you get older, you can become more at risk of eye disease and even sight loss.

Preventative measures to protect your eyesight are incredibly simple and could be the difference between healthy eyes and developing vision problems. So, if you want to help your chances of preventing future eye health problems, here are the top 3 ways to keep in mind.

1. Attend regular eye examinations

It sounds obvious, but attending regular eye examinations can make a huge difference to your future eye health. By seeing an optician every 2 years, or more frequently if advised, you can increase your chance of any problems being detected early.

Spot eye conditions early with a thorough eye test

Your optician can spot signs of an eye condition before you have noticed any changes in your eye’s appearance and/or functions. Eye diseases like glaucoma and cataracts can be diagnosed through a routine eye examination, and the earlier they are detected, the easier it is to manage and correct them.

An eye examination can even detect signs of high blood pressure, diabetes and cardiovascular problems. For this reason, going to see your optician every 2 years is crucial.

By going to see your optician, you can also ensure you are wearing the right lenses for your visual needs. This is key for maintaining clear, sharp vision for everyday activities like reading, driving or watching television.

2. Protect your eyes from UV light

UV light comes primarily from the sun, and in large doses, it can be detrimental to your eyesight and eye health. UVA rays, in particular, can pass through your cornea and into the retina of your eye.

Overexposure to UV light can cause premature ageing of your eyes and is one of the leading causes of eye health problems including cataracts and photokeratitis(1). Protecting your eyes from UV light is just as important as protecting your skin.

It's important to have UV protection glasses

Wearing sunglasses is one of the easiest ways to protect your eyesight; just make sure whatever lenses you choose are able to block 100% of UVA and UVB rays and also check the E-SPF rating. If you wear corrective lenses, consider investing in a lens coating that offers UV protection. Crizal Prevencia can help you achieve this. You can even embed a UV filter in your lens. Eye Protect System filters UV light whilst keeping your lens aesthetically clear.

3. Know the signs of eye health problems

Educating yourself on some of the most common eye conditions, and their symptoms can be one of the best ways to protect your eye health. Early detection is crucial for successful treatment; if you are able to recognise that something is wrong, you can seek medical assistance sooner rather than later.

Some eye diseases have no obvious symptoms but may run in the family, such as glaucoma. Understanding if you are at higher risk than others can be a helpful factor in looking after your vision. 

By understanding what can accelerate some eye conditions, you can take early steps to prevent or prolong the effects. For instance, avoiding smoking, excessive alcohol and following a healthy diet can all contribute to better eye health.

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(1)Cataract:, McCarty CA, Taylor HR. A review of the epidemiologic evidence linking ultraviolet radiation and cataracts. Dev Ophthalmol. 2002; 35:21-31.

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