Myopia is not a disease.
It’s important to remember that myopia is not a disease or an illness; being short-sighted does not necessarily affect your health. However, if you notice a change in your vision, you should see an optometrist for a routine eye examination to make sure everything is OK.
Myopia is usually caused by the shape or size of your eyeball or cornea; typically, the eyeball grows too long during childhood. It usually emerges in children aged 6-13. Unfortunately, it cannot be reversed and there is currently no cure for myopia. Despite that, there are many ways to try and correct myopia and minimise its effects.
Treatment for myopia
If you think you or your child has myopia, your first thought is probably how you can fix it. The first step in addressing myopia effectively is with good correction. Wearing glasses for myopia is the most common solution because the prescribed lenses help the light to focus in the right place on your retina for clear vision.
Choosing the right lenses is important, as the lens design can depend on how severe your myopia is. You might also wish to wear contact lenses depending on your personal preference. You should ensure that you wear the right glasses to suit your prescription; your optometrist can help you with this.
At Essilor, we have created Eyezen lenses that are designed perfectly to suit your modern lifestyle, with the ability to reduce eye strain that is common with a fast-paced, busy schedule. So, whether you’re running errands, watching a film or catching up with friends, Eyezen lenses can make the experience much more comfortable and effortless.
How can you control myopia?
For those of you with myopia, there is no doubt that you would love to find a way to control your vision a little better. Myopia can get progressively worse through childhood and teenage years, until it stabilises in adulthood. This can be frustrating, but there are new methods emerging that can help.
Myopia control myopia gives you the opportunity to slow down the progression of the condition, through lenses or by undergoing treatment for myopia.
Solutions that can not only correct myopia, but also control it, are in development. In children, the most straightforward way to slow down the progression of myopia is by wearing prescribed lenses.
However, you could consider other treatments that are becoming more available. There is a treatment known as orthokeratology, which may sound a little strange, but it is a very intuitive treatment that can help to minimise the effects of myopia. It included the fitting of special contact lenses to wear overnight, which helps to reshape the surface of your eye and help you to see clearly without glasses.
Simply remove the lenses when you wake up, and you will be able to see clearly throughout the day without wearing glasses! Your optometrist can help you to decide whether this is the right treatment for you.
An alternative method to slow down myopia is a treatment called atropine; a medicine that is usually administered through eye drops. It has been previously used on patients with high myopia and has shown some signs of slowing down.
Soft contact lenses can also provide an effective tool for myopia control. These are specially modified multifocal contact lenses that can slow down the development of the condition. In some cases, this has been as effective as orthokeratology.
In some cases, when the progression of myopia has stabilised in adulthood, you can undergo laser eye surgery which can provide effective long-term treatment for myopia. However, this will not prevent other vision issues as you get older such as presbyopia.
Today’s technology and research have revealed a lot more about vision care and the solutions available for your vision needs. Science is showing that myopia progression and myopia control is becoming more readily accessible, providing benefits for you and your children when it comes to maintaining good eye health.
If you or your children have myopia, there is now more support and help than ever before.